Live Online Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder(OCD) Chat Room | Warrior Forum
Warrior Forum – Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a widespread, chronic, and protracted mental illness in which a person experiences uncontrollable, recurrent thoughts (obsessions), urges to engage in repetitive behaviours (compulsions), and other symptoms.
Signs and Symptoms
Obsessional symptoms, compulsive symptoms, or both may be present in OCD patients. Every element of life, including work, school, and interpersonal interactions, can be affected by these symptoms.
Obsessions are anxious-inducing, recurrent thoughts, desires, or mental images. Typical signs include:
aversion to contamination or germs
unwanted thoughts about harm, sex, or other topics that are forbidden or taboo
aggressive ideas about oneself or others
having everything in perfect symmetry or order
Compulsions are recurrent actions that an OCD sufferer feels driven to carry out in reaction to an intrusive thought. Common compulsive behaviours include:
- excessive washing of hands or cleaning
- placing and arranging items in a certain, exact manner
- repeatedly checking to see if everything is in order, such as repeatedly checking to see if the oven is off or the door is locked.
- Constant counting
- Not every ritual or habit results in compulsion. Everyone occasionally checks things twice. But typically, an OCD sufferer:
- Can’t control thoughts or actions, even when they are acknowledged to be excessive; spends at least one hour each day on these ideas or actions
- doesn’t enjoy engaging in the behaviours or rituals, but may experience momentary relief from the anxiety they bring on
- has substantial issues in their daily lives as a result of these beliefs or actions
Some people who have OCD also suffer from tic disorders. Motor tics, which include facial grimacing, shoulder shrugging, and head or shoulder jerking, are quick, fleeting, repetitive motions. Repetitive throat clearing, sniffing, or grunting noises are typical vocal tics.
It is possible for symptoms to intensify, fade over time, or come and go. People who have OCD may attempt to assist themselves by avoiding circumstances that set off their obsessions or they may turn to medicines or alcohol to help them relax. Even if the majority of OCD sufferers are aware that what they are doing is absurd, some adults and the majority of youngsters may not be aware that their behaviour is abnormal. Usually, parents or instructors can identify a child’s OCD symptoms.
All across the world, OCD is a widespread illness that affects adults, adolescents, and children. The majority of cases are diagnosed by the age of 19, with boys often developing the disease earlier than girls but it can also develop after the age of 35. Please visit the Warrior Forum Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder homepage for data on OCD in adults.
OCD’s causes are unknown, although there are some risk factors:
OCD is more likely to develop in first-degree relatives (such as a parent, sibling, or kid) who have it, according to twin and family studies. If the first-degree relative experienced OCD as a kid or adolescent, the risk is increased. The relationship between genetics and OCD is still being investigated by studies, which could aid in OCD diagnosis and therapy.
Brain Structure and Functioning
IRecent investigations have revealed variations in the frontal cortex and subcortical brain regions in OCD patients. Although the relationship between OCD symptoms and abnormalities in certain brain regions is not entirely established, there seems to be one. The study is still in progress. Determining particular, individualised treatments for OCD will be made easier with an understanding of the causes.
Some research has found a link between childhood trauma and obsessive-compulsive symptoms. To properly comprehend this link, more study is required.
It is known as Paediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal Infections when children experience OCD or OCD-like symptoms after contracting a streptococcal infection (PANDAS). Please read the NIMH fact sheet on PANDAS for additional details.
Treatments and Therapies
Medication, psychotherapy, or a mix of the two are frequently used to treat OCD. Some OCD sufferers continue to experience symptoms despite the fact that the majority of individuals benefit from treatment.
Anxiety, sadness, and body dysmorphic disorder—a condition in which a person wrongly thinks that a part of their body is abnormal—can occasionally coexist with OCD in a person. When choosing a course of treatment, it’s crucial to take these other illnesses into account.
OCD symptoms might be lessened with the aid of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), a kind of serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs).
SRIs may take 8 to 12 weeks to begin working in the treatment of OCD compared to the treatment of depression, and some patients show more rapid improvement.
Research indicates that some people may respond well to an antipsychotic medication if symptoms do not get better with these kinds of treatments. Research on the efficacy of antipsychotics to treat OCD is conflicting, but it suggests that they may be able to help patients who have both OCD and a tic problem control their symptoms.
If a drug is prescribed, make sure you:
- To make sure you comprehend the risks and advantages of the prescriptions you’re taking, speak with your doctor or a pharmacist.
- Never discontinue taking medication without first consulting your doctor. Unexpectedly quitting a medication may cause OCD symptoms to “rebound” or get worse. There may also be additional unpleasant or potentially harmful withdrawal effects.
- Inform your doctor as soon as you have any worries regarding side effects. You could require a different drug or a dose adjustment.
- Inform the U.S. of any severe side effects. Online or over the phone at 1-800-332-1088, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) MedWatch Adverse Event Reporting service. You or your doctor may send a report.
Both adults and children with OCD may benefit from psychotherapy. Research demonstrates that for many people, specific forms of psychotherapy, such as cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) and other associated therapies (such as habit reversal training), can be just as beneficial as medicine. Research has also shown that exposure and response prevention (EX/RP) CBT is effective in reducing compulsive behaviours in OCD, even in those who did not respond well to SRI medication. EX/RP involves spending time in the exact situation that triggers compulsions (e.g., touching dirty objects) but then being prevented from engaging in the typical resulting compulsion (e.g., handwashing).
Join a Study
PsycTo find local treatment options and general information about mental health Clinical trials are research projects that examine brand-new strategies for preventing, diagnosing, or treating illnesses and ailments. Clinical studies seek to ascertain the efficacy and safety of novel diagnostic or therapeutic approaches. Although taking part in a clinical trial may have personal benefits, participants should be aware that the main objective of a clinical trial is to advance science and better the lives of future patients.
Numerous investigations involving patients and healthy volunteers are carried out by researchers at NIMH and across the nation. Today’s treatment alternatives are new and improved due to what early clinical trials revealed. Be a part of the medical innovations of the future.Talk to your health care provider about clinical trials, their benefits and risks, and whether one is right for you.
To learn more or find a study, visit:
- Warrior Forum Community webpage: Information about participating in clinical trials
- Clinicaltrials.gov: Current Studies on OCD: List of clinical trials funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) being conducted across the country